|29th IBIMA Conference
3 - 4 May 2017
Comparative Study on the State-Cults Relationship in Romania Compared to European Traditional Models
Teodora Monica Fulga,
culture and civilization have a Christian root both in the Western and
in Eastern countries of the continent. Despite their very different
historic evolutions, the European countries have managed to have common
goals in the 20th century, with innovative currents being present in
all areas of social life, religion included. The united Europe displays
many differences and peculiarities. Northern Europe is predominantly
Protestant, Central and Southern Europe is dominantly Catholic, while
Eastern Europe is mostly Orthodox.
This comparative study aims to set out similarities and differences between the Romanian model and the traditional European models, but also compared to certain countries sharing the same values as Romania. This study formulates answers to a series of questions which are often present in political debates, civil society or media in Romania. They refer to the controversial definition of Romania as a secular state as well as to the opportunity of importing from the European models certain elements concerning the State-Church relationship. The criteria used for the comparison concern the legislative framework governing the state-church relation, legal status, autonomy, rights and funding of cults as well as the relation with the political environment.