Conference Specifics
ISBN:  978-0-9860419-7-6
Conf. Updates

29th IBIMA Conference
Vienna, Austria
3 - 4 May 2017 



Iuliana Tania Zlatcu,




This paper aims to test the effectiveness of a screen designed to detect cartels based on the price level and volatility by applying it on an existing cartel case in the retail fuel market, investigated by the competition authority in Bulgaria. Using GARCH model, the fuel prices volatility was estimated on the Bulgarian market and on other four geographical markets in Central and Eastern Europe, namely Romania, Hungary, Czech Republic and Poland.
The results of the research reveal that, between 2013 and 2015, the average prices practiced in Bulgaria for gasoline and diesel were approx. 10% higher than those practiced on the other four geographic markets considered in the analysis, but also approx. 10% higher than the EU average price of these fuels. Likewise, over the same period, it has been found persistent low price volatility in Bulgaria. The results obtained are consistent with those obtained by the Bulgarian competition authority during the investigation conducted and which, at the end of 2016, has led to accusing the six companies investigated for a price fixing cartel.

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